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陕西疾控:流感疫苗与新冠疫苗接种间隔大于14天******

  近期,陕西省启动新冠病毒疫苗加强免疫,当前也正是流感疫苗接种的合适季节,秋新冠疫苗和流感疫苗该如何一起接种?陕西省疾控中心专家针对群众关心的一些热点问题进行了解读。

  陕西省疾病预防控制中心免疫规划所副主任医师胡伟军介绍说,根据国家安排,陕西省目前已启动全省新冠病毒疫苗加强免疫。新冠病毒疫苗接种后6个月进行加强免疫,可以使受种者体内的中和抗体迅速增长,且加强免疫后抗体谱也更广,意味着它对变异株会产生更好的防护作用。当前,全球新冠肺炎疫情仍处于大流行阶段,境外疫情输入我国风险依然很大。近期我国部分地区接连发生本土聚集性疫情,外防输入、内防反弹任务艰巨繁重。

  为什么要开展加强免疫?全球接种新冠疫苗的总剂次已超60亿余次,我国已超22亿剂次。根据国内外研究结果来看,疫苗在预防感染、减少发病方面发挥了很大作用。但疫苗接种之后,免疫力和保护效果会随着时间推移下降、削弱。研究显示,新冠病毒疫苗接种后6个月进行加强免疫,可以使受种者体内的中和抗体迅速增长,发生不良反应的种类和几率与基础免疫没有显著差异。同时,加强免疫后不仅抗体水平增加,抗体谱也更广,意味着它对变异株会产生更好的防护作用。因此,有必要进行新冠病毒疫苗的加强免疫。

  加强免疫的目标人群有哪些?现阶段新冠病毒疫苗加强免疫的目标人群为接种两针国药中生北京公司、北京科兴中维公司、国药中生武汉公司灭活疫苗和接种一针天津康希诺公司的腺病毒载体疫苗满6个月的18岁及以上人群。优先对感染高风险人群,包括口岸、隔离场所、定点医疗机构从业人员等,保障社会基本运行的关键岗位以及传播风险较高人群进行接种,同时对60岁及以上等感染后导致重症风险高的人群、出国工作学习人员以及其他符合条件且有接种需要的人群,提供加强免疫接种服务。

  加强免疫的接种原则有哪些?

  (一)灭活疫苗:接种第2剂次满6个月以上,进行1剂次的加强免疫。建议2剂次使用同一种灭活疫苗的人群,使用原疫苗进行加强免疫;2剂次使用不同灭活疫苗的人群,优先选用与第2剂次相同疫苗进行加强免疫,若第2剂次疫苗无法供应时,使用与第1剂次相同的疫苗进行加强免疫。

  (二)腺病毒载体疫苗:接种满6个月以上,使用原疫苗进行1剂次的加强免疫。

  流感疫苗与新冠病毒疫苗是否可以同时接种?

  目前流感疫苗与新冠病毒疫苗同时接种免疫原性和安全性影响的研究仍在进行,参照我国《新冠病毒疫苗接种技术指南(第一版)》,原则上建议流感疫苗与新冠病毒疫苗接种间隔应大于14天,具体情况分为:

  1.在接种流感疫苗14天以后接种新冠病毒疫苗;

  2.在完成新冠病毒疫苗全程接种程序14天后接种流感疫苗;

  3.在两剂新冠病毒疫苗之间接种流感疫苗,即在接种第1剂次新冠病毒疫苗14天后接种流感疫苗,再间隔14天后接种第2剂次新冠病毒疫苗。

  需要注意的是选择两剂新冠病毒疫苗之间接种流感疫苗,需遵循新冠病毒疫苗接种剂次和间隔的要求。

  华商报记者 李琳



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:报社方正

Chinese consumers snap up goodies on Singles' Day shopping fest******

HANGZHOU/BEIJING, Nov. 11 (Xinhua) -- With orders pouring in at midnight Wednesday, this year's Singles' Day shopping spree peaked on multiple e-commerce platforms in China.。

This year marks the largest Singles' Day shopping festival on Tmall, with a record 290,000 brands participating and more than 14 million types of commodities offering discounts, according to the company.。

To cater to growing demand from Chinese consumers, presales for this year's Singles' Day shopping spree -- also known as the Double Eleven shopping festival -- began at 8 p.m. on Oct. 20 on Tmall and consumers were allowed to pay for the balance of the pre-sold goods on Nov. 1.。

From Nov. 1 to 12:45 a.m. Thursday, sales of 411 small and medium brands with turnover exceeding 1 million yuan (about 156,000 U.S. dollars) during last year's event on Tmall, surpassed the 10-million yuan threshold.。

Number of brands that saw a turnover of more than 100 million yuan on Tmall reached 382 during the period, including Huawei, Apple and Chinese sportswear brand Erke.。

Between 8 p.m. Wednesday and 2:09 p.m. Thursday, the total value of orders on JD.com, another Chinese e-commerce giant, hit a new record of over 311.4 billion yuan.。

This is also the greenest Singles' Day shopping festival on JD.com, which introduced various measures, including developing recyclable packaging, deploying new-energy cargo vans and using photovoltaic power generation in warehousing, to lower carbon emission and the impact on environment. As a result, the amount of carbon emissions slashed stood at 26,000 tonnes as of Thursday noon.。

The annual event was launched by Alibaba's e-commerce platform on Nov. 11, 2009, and quickly grew into a major shopping spree. Enditem。

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Palmeiras beat Gremio to climb to second in Brazil's Serie A******

PORTO ALEGRE, Oct. 31 (Xinhua) -- Raphael Veiga scored twice as Palmeiras recovered from an early deficit to beat Gremio 2-1 in Brazil's Serie A championship on Sunday.。

Diego Souza gave the hosts an early lead with a close-range strike after Douglas Costa's run and cross from the left side of the penalty area.。

Raphael Veiga equalized by converting a penalty after Thiago Santos clattered into Marcos Rocha.。

Veiga put the visitors ahead in first half stoppage time when he angled a drive into the far corner after Gustavo Scarpa's pass.。

Breno Lopes guaranteed Palmeiras' 16th win of the campaign in the 94th minute, running onto Danilo's layoff and taking one touch before lashing a shot into the far corner.。

The result at Arena do Gremio leaves Palmeiras second in the 20-team standings, seven points behind leaders Atletico Mineiro. Gremio are 19th with just 26 points from 27 matches.。

In other Brazilian Serie A fixtures on Sunday, Ceara won 1-0 at home to Fluminense and Sao Paulo secured a 1-0 home win over Internacional. Enditem。

Ukrainian FM says to discuss ceasefire with Russian counterpart******

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said he will discuss a ceasefire with his Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov at the upcoming meeting in Turkey, the UNN news agency reported on Wednesday.

"The cessation of hostilities and the withdrawal of Russian forces from the territory of Ukraine are on the table," Kuleba said.

He emphasized the need to hold a dialogue with Russia to stop the conflict in Ukraine and save the lives of the Ukrainian people.

On Monday, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Kuleba and Lavrov will meet in Turkey's southern province of Antalya on Thursday, on the sidelines of the Antalya Diplomatic Forum.

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