面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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双语热点:新的一年人们怎么吃?2022年美食潮流预测******

去年这个时候,乐观的潮流预测认为,到夏天就可以开香槟了。显然,预言这种事是会被打脸的。那么事情没有像大家想的那样发展,又怎么样呢?预测美食潮流仍然是件好玩的事,而且有时候还真能说中。让我们看看美国媒体对2022年美食潮流的预测吧。

How Will Americans Eat in 2022? The Food Forecasters Speak

Last year at this time, optimistic trend forecasters predicted that the cork would burst from the bottle by summer. With vaccines in arms, food culture would vibrate in a robust economy. American menus would be full of innovation driven by waves of international travel, and a new generation of digital-native cooks would rewrite the rules.

去年这个时候,乐观的潮流预测认为,到夏天就可以开香槟了。有了疫苗加持,美食文化将在坚挺的经济环境下兴旺发展。美国人的菜单上将出现一轮轮国际旅行浪潮驱动下的创新,在数字时代成长起来的新一代厨师将重写规则。

Clearly, the prediction game can be a losing one. But so what if things didn’t turn out like everyone thought they would? Trying to forecast food trends is still fun, and sometimes even accurate.

显然,预言这种事是会被打脸的。那么事情没有像大家想的那样发展,又怎么样呢?预测美食潮流仍然是件好玩的事,而且有时候还真能说中。

So how are things looking for 2022? Not great. The year is starting with a surge of a highly contagious variant of Covid-19 that is only adding to the economic uncertainty. Social-justice concerns remain top of mind for many, as does pressure from a fast-changing climate. All of it will affect how food is grown, cooked and packaged.

2022年会是什么样子的呢?不太乐观。这一年的开端,一种传染性极强的新冠变异株呈急速上升趋势,加剧了经济的不确定性。社会正义仍是许多人心头的头等大事,此外还有气候的快速变化带来的压力。这些都会影响食物的生长、烹饪和包装。

But don’t despair. “Constraint breeds innovation,” said Anna Fabrega, a former Amazon executive who recently took over as the chief executive at the meal subscription service Freshly. She and other food industry leaders in the United States say 2022 will be another pragmatic, roll-up-your sleeves kind of year, shaped by the needs of people working from home and by the culinarily-astute-but-fickle Gen Z, whose members want food with sustainable ingredients and a strong cultural back story, prepared without exploitation and delivered in a carbon-neutral way — within 30 minutes.

但没必要绝望。“局限催生创新,”前亚马逊高管、最近成为会员制餐饮服务Freshly首席执行官的安娜·法布雷加说。她和一些美国食品行业领袖人物认为,2022年会是又一个务实的、脚踏实地的年头,由在家工作的人们以及很懂美食但变化莫测的Z世代的需求所决定,后者要求食物使用可持续食材,并有一个有力的文化背景故事,在制备的过程中不存在剥削,并以碳中和的方式配送——30分钟内送达。

With that in mind, here are some potential developments, big and small, that could define how we eat in the new year, based on a review of dozens of trend reports and interviews with food company executives, global market researchers and others who make it their business to scour the landscape for what’s next.

考虑到这一点,我们提出了以下一些可能的发展,其规模有大有小,它们可能会决定我们在新的一年里如何吃,我们的预测是基于对一系列潮流报告的查阅,以及对食品公司高管、全球市场研究者及其他人的采访,这些人的工作就是搜寻下一股潮流是什么。

Ingredient of the Year

年度食材

Mushrooms have landed on many prediction lists, in almost every form, from psilocybin mushrooms (part of the renewed interest in psychedelics) to thick coins of king oyster mushrooms as a stand-in for scallops. The number of small urban farms growing mushrooms is expected to bloom, and mushroom fibers will start to proliferate as a cheap, compostable medium for packaging.

蘑菇出现在了许多预测清单上,包括了几乎所有形式,既有迷幻蘑菇(迷幻文化复兴的一部分),也有用来替代扇贝的厚切杏鲍菇片。城市里的小型蘑菇养殖场估计会大量增加,菌丝作为廉价、可降解的包装材料会普及起来。

Drink of the Year

年度饮品

Even in the age of no-alcohol cocktails, all those 1980s drinks you can barely remember (for obvious reasons) are coming back. Look for Blue Lagoons, Tequila Sunrises, Long Island iced tea and amaretto sours re-engineered with fresh juices, less sugar and better spirits. “We all need things that are sweet and colorful and joyful and playful, especially now,” said Andrew Freeman, president of AF & Co., the San Francisco consulting firm that for 14 years has published a popular food and hospitality trend report. (A corollary to the cocktails: the rise of ecospirits, made with ingredients from local farms or food waste, and packaged and shipped using climate-friendly methods.)

尽管在一个无酒精鸡尾酒的年代,许多我们差不多已经忘记(原因很显然)的1980年代饮品却回归了。去找找蓝潟湖、龙舌兰日出、长岛冰茶和改良版杏仁酸酒——用新鲜果汁、少糖、更好的烈酒。“我们都需要一些甜的、多彩的、开心的、好玩的东西,尤其是现在,”旧金山咨询公司AF & Co.总裁安德鲁·弗里曼说,过去14年来,这家公司一直在发表一份受欢迎的食品和酒店业趋势报告。(鸡尾酒的必然趋势:生态烈酒兴起,这种酒使用当地农场食材或废弃食物制作,用环保方法包装和运输。)

Chicken, Re-hatched

重新孵化的鸡肉

Meat grown in laboratories from animal cells is on its way to winning federal approval as soon as the end of 2022, and chicken will be one of the first products to become available. But plant-based chicken from companies like Impossible Foods and Beyond Meat have recently arrived in groceries and restaurants, and the battle is on to determine which substitute will dominate the market. And in the real-chicken world, a shortage of wings has restaurants trying to persuade the masses to love a different part of the chicken. The Wingstop chain, for instance, has expanded its brand with Thighstop.

用动物细胞在实验室中培育出的肉类将最早在2022年底获得联邦批准,而鸡肉将成为首批上市的产品之一。不过,来自Impossible Foods和Beyond Meat等公司的植物基鸡肉最近已进入杂货店和餐馆,决定哪种替代品将主导市场的竞争正在进行。在使用真鸡的餐饮世界中,鸡翅短缺使得餐厅试图说服大众喜欢鸡肉的不同部位。例如,Wingstop连锁店建立了Thighstop作为品牌扩展。

Seaweed to the Rescue

海藻前来救援

Kelp grows fast, has a stand-up nutritional profile and removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and nitrogen from the ocean. As a result, farmed kelp will move beyond dashi and the menus at some high-end restaurants and into everyday foods like pasta and salsa.

海带生长迅速,营养成分优秀,而且还能去除大气中的二氧化碳和海洋中的氮。因此,养殖海带将不再仅限于制作高汤,或仅存在于一些高端餐厅的菜单上,而是会进入日常饮食,如用在意大利面和莎莎酱里。

Candy Nostalgia

怀旧糖果

Nostalgic childhood favorites from China (White Rabbit candy and haw flakes) and South Korea (the honeycomb-like treat ppopgi, a.k.a. dalgona candy, and Apollo straws) will work their way into American shopping carts and recipes for desserts and drinks.

来自中国(大白兔奶糖和山楂片)和韩国(蜂窝状的糖饼和阿波罗吸管)的怀旧童年最爱将进入美国人的购物车,并被纳入甜点和饮料的食谱中。

Robusta Rising

罗布斯塔咖啡崛起

The third-wave coffee movement was built on arabica, the world’s most popular coffee. But climate change is threatening production and driving prices up, said Kara Nielsen, who tracks food and drink trends for WGSN, a consumer forecasting and consulting firm. Enter robusta, the bitter, heavily caffeinated workhorse that is less expensive and easier to cultivate. It is the predominant bean grown in Vietnam, where coffee is made with a metal filter called a phin and sweetened with condensed milk and sometimes an egg yolk. A new style of Vietnamese coffee shop is popping up in many American cities, promising to take the robusta right along with it.

第三波咖啡运动建立在世界上最受欢迎的阿拉比卡咖啡豆的基础之上。但是,在消费预测和咨询公司WGSN跟踪食品和饮料趋势的卡拉·尼尔森表示,气候变化正在威胁生产并推高价格。这时,苦味较强、富含咖啡因的强力咖啡豆罗布斯塔上场了,它的价格更便宜,更容易种植。它是越南种植的主要咖啡豆,在那里,咖啡是用一种称为phin的金属过滤器制作的,并加入炼乳增甜,有时还加入一个蛋黄。一种新型的越南咖啡店正在许多美国城市涌现,并承诺带来罗布斯塔咖啡。

Tasty Tableware

好吃的餐具

The quality of edible spoons, chopsticks, plates, bowls and cups is going up and the price is going down, signaling the start of a full-fledged edible-packaging revolution aimed at reducing single-use containers and plastic waste.

可食用的勺子、筷子、盘子、碗和杯子的质量在上升,而价格在下降,标志着一场食用包装革命开始全面开展,旨在减少一次性容器和塑料垃圾。

Sugar and ‘Swice’

糖和“Swice”

Mash-ups like “swicy” and “swalty” will join the linguistic mania that brought us unfortunate nicknames like char coot and Cae sal (charcuterie and Caesar salad, that is). The new phraseology reflects an even wider embrace of flavor fusions that marry savory spices and heat with sweetness. Nene, a South Korean-based fried chicken chain that is just starting to move into North America, has even named a sauce swicy. Its flavor profile mirrors what would happen if gochujang and ketchup had a baby.

造字狂热给我们带来了一些如charcoot和Caesal(即熟食和凯撒沙拉)等糟糕的绰号,现在又有了“swicy”和“swalty”。新的造词反映了更广泛的融合风味,将咸味香辣与甜味结合在一起。刚开始进军北美的韩国炸鸡连锁店Nene甚至将一种酱汁命名为swicy。它的风味特征大概就是韩式辣酱和番茄酱喜结连理的味道。

Flavor of the Year

年度风味

Yuzu has its fans, but the even money is on hibiscus, which is adding its crimson hue and tart, earthy flavor to everything from cocktails and sodas to crudos and yogurt.

有人偏爱日本柚子,但同样有人投给洛神花——它为从鸡尾酒和苏打水到生鲜和酸奶的所有东西都添加了绯红的色泽和酸味芳香。

A Buffet of Other Bites

各式各样的其他小食

Beyond the big trends are a long menu of smaller ones: the growing popularity of Koji bacon, the Chinese spirit baijiu and the noodle soup laksa. Jollof rice will appear on menus and in the frozen-foods section. Seeds will muscle in on nuts as an alternative protein source, in products like butters and ice creams. And look for a burst of new interest in animal-free cheese, potato milk, moringa, Taiwanese breakfast dishes, high tea and olives.

除了大趋势之外,还有一长串小食菜单:米曲培根、中国白酒和叻沙汤面越来越受欢迎。菜单上和冷冻食品区将会有加罗夫饭的身影。在黄油和冰淇淋等产品中,种籽将作为与坚果竞争的蛋白质来源。人们对不含动物成分的奶酪、土豆奶、辣木、台式早餐、下午茶和橄榄的新兴趣值得关注。

轻薄本核芯显卡强强对决:i7战锐龙7优势显著******

  当下的轻薄笔记本,笔者向大家首推英特尔平台。理由主要有俩:其一就是英特尔面向轻薄本平台发布了英特尔Evo品牌,实力定义了高性能轻薄笔记本电脑的行业新标准,为轻薄笔记本市场树立了严苛的行业标杆,将轻薄本的真实性能体验带到了一个新的高度;其二就是目前英特尔第11代移动处理器所搭载的锐炬Xe核芯显卡,无论是生产力性能还是游戏性能,普遍都要明显强于AMD那边的移动处理器内建显卡的,这也是英特尔轻薄本平台的一大加分项。

  那么在当前,英特尔第11代移动处理器所搭载的锐炬Xe核芯显卡到底比AMD移动处理器内建显卡强多少呢?相信不少消费者都对这个话题很感兴趣。借此契机,笔者就来测一测,用事实说话!

  目前从产品定位来看,理论上英特尔面向轻薄笔记本平台推出的最强处理器是酷睿i7-1195G7,4核心8线程设计。AMD面向轻薄笔记本平台推出的最强处理器是锐龙7 5800U,8核心16线程设计。此次测试,就是它们俩之间的对决了。

  酷睿i7-1195G7移动处理器内建有Intel Iris Xe Graphics核芯显卡。该显卡基于英特尔最新的Xe架构设计,具备96组EU单元。

  锐龙7 5800U移动处理器内建有AMD Radeon Graphics显卡,RDNA架构设计,具备512组流处理器。需要说明的是,AMD这几年处理器内建显卡的架构没什么变化,一直用的是RDNA架构。

  测试机器这块,英特尔这边选用的机型为微星尊爵Prestige 14 Evo,它通过了英特尔Evo品牌认证。AMD那边选用的机型为联想YOGA 14c 2021款 锐龙版。

  内存方面,这两款轻薄本均搭配的是2×8GB LPDDR4x-4266内存。LPDDR4x-4266是目前轻薄笔记本平台所能都搭载的速度最快的内存。这样也保障了性能对比的公平性,并且能够更充分发挥出核芯显卡的性能。

  项目一(生产力全面性能实测):SiSoftware Sandra

  测试显卡生产力软件,笔者选用的是SiSoftware Sandra 2021,它是一款强大的电脑性能测试软件。相比众多的跑分软件,SiSoftware Sandra 2021能够更好地体现出PC的生产力性能。

  测试小结:此项测试,英特尔6项成绩领先,AMD 2项成绩领先,很明显英特尔这边更具优势。

  项目二(视频编辑性能实测):格式工厂

  格式工厂是国产优秀的视频格式转换工具,发展至今已经成为国内领先的视频图片等格式转换客户端。格式工厂致力于帮用户更好的解决文件使用问题,现拥有在音乐、视频、图片等领域庞大的忠实用户,在该软件行业内位于领先地位,并保持高速发展趋势。

  测试小结:此项测试,仅凭CPU运算的话,锐龙7 5800U的表现是要更好的。但是当开启GPU加速之后,酷睿i7-1195G7核芯显卡的加速效率就展现出来了,最终表现反超锐龙7 5800U。

  在格式工厂这款软件当中,锐龙7 5800U在开启GPU加速之后,反而出现了严重的负优化现象。有待改善!

  项目三(游戏性能基准测试):3DMark

  3DMark是目前应用最为广泛的游戏显卡测试软件,有着无与伦比的权威性。现已发行了3Dmark99、3Dmark2001、3Dmark2003、3Dmark2005、3Dmark2006、3Dmark vantage、3Dmark 11和The new 3DMark。

  测试小结:此项测试,无论显卡成绩,还是总成绩,英特尔这边都是领先的。

  项目四(真实游戏实测):3款游戏

  接下来,笔者选择了3款笔者自己比较喜欢的游戏,来测试它们真实的游戏性能表现。

  由于这两款轻薄本均搭配的是1920×1080分辨率的显示屏,因此游戏测试会直接在1920×1080分辨率下进行。

  游戏实测——《战锤40K:战争黎明2报应》

  《战锤40K:战争黎明2报应》是Relic Entertainment的RTS重磅之作,也是《战争黎明2》的第二款独立资料片。故事发生在《战争黎明2:混沌崛起》的数年后,在该作中玩家可以以不同种族的视角体验单人战役模式,这在《战争黎明2》系列中尚属首次。

  游戏实测——《战争机器5》

  《战争机器5》是一款由微软开发的游戏,于2019年在Xbox One和Windows 10上发布,并在全球发布的当天登陆Xbox Game Pass。在本作中玩家将扮演Kait,游历有史以来最宏大、最美丽的《战争机器》世界。

  游戏实测——《狙击精英V2重制版》

  《狙击精英V2重制版》是由Rebellion开发并发行的一款射击游戏。游戏中玩家将扮演精英狙击手卡尔·费尔伯恩,去阻止纳粹V2火箭技术落入苏联红军手中。玩家必须帮助渴望叛逃到美国的重要科学家,并消灭那些挡道的人。玩家需要非常耐心地周旋在两军之间,运用智慧去完成任务。

  测试小结:此项测试,英特尔这边依然全面胜出。

  全文总结

  在显卡领域,英特尔一直心存鸿鹄之志,希望能够有大的作为。而现在,搭载英特尔锐炬Xe核芯显卡的Tiger Lake第11代智能英特尔酷睿移动处理器已经初步展现了英特尔发力高性能显卡的成果。

  AMD那边呢,由于还在使用老的RDNA架构设计,因此在内建显卡性能方面已被英特尔超越了。消费者们需要认清这个事实。

  好了,此次轻薄本核芯显卡强强对决就到这里了,希望对大家在选购轻薄笔记本时有所帮助。在不久前刚刚结束的英特尔Evo超能轻薄体验日上,英特尔一口气推出了40款Evo认证笔记本,近期有意购置新机的朋友们可以多多关注下。

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陕西将在2022年春节前后开展就业援助月专项活动******

  继春风行动开启后,陕西又将在2022年春节前后在全省组织开展就业援助月专项活动,集中帮扶困难群众就业。

  本次活动主题为“就业帮扶真情相助”,活动时间从1月28日起至2月28日。服务对象面向就业困难人员和城镇零就业家庭成员;残疾登记失业人员;去产能职工及困难企业职工、受疫情影响失业人员、脱贫人口及农村低收入人口、长江禁捕退捕渔民等重点帮扶对象;企业失业人员等各类低收入群体和失地农民、进城务工人员等城镇困难群体。

  通过摸底调查、精准服务、集中帮扶等系列活动,帮助服务对象了解就业援助政策措施、掌握申请政策服务具体方法流程,使其中有就业需求的都能得到就业服务、符合条件的都能享受就业援助政策、受到疫情影响造成失业的都能得到有效帮扶。通过开展走访慰问、建立帮扶清单、积极收集岗位,组织特色招聘、支持灵活就业、实施精准服务,防止因疫失业返贫。全力帮扶失业、因疫滞留脱贫劳动力及“三类人员”(脱贫不稳定户、边缘易致贫户及突发严重困难户中的劳动力)能就业、有收入、温暖过冬。对失业返乡人员要及时开展帮扶,通过社区工厂和就业帮扶基地吸纳、公益性岗位安置等方式,帮助其尽快实现就业;对返乡过春节人员,要及时跟进就业服务,掌握春节后就业意向,提前谋划,推动其返岗务工。

  华商报记者 肖琳



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:方正

South Korea chooses new president with inequality key concern******

AFP

A woman casts her vote in the presidential election at a polling station in Seoul on March 9.

South Koreans were at the polls electing a new president on Wednesday with economic inequality a top concern, especially among young swing voters.

Polling booths opened at 6am (9pm GMT) and record early voting indicates turnout will be high after a campaign dominated by mud-slinging between liberal Lee Jae-myung and conservative Yoon Suk-yeol.

The pair, who are both so unpopular local media have branded it the "election of the unfavorable," have been neck-and-neck in the polls for months. Some 90 percent of the electorate supports one or the other.

In South Korea, presidents serve just a single term of five years, and every living former leader has been jailed for corruption after leaving office.

Yoon has already threatened to investigate outgoing President Moon Jae-in, citing unspecified "irregularities."

The two parties are ideologically poles apart, and analysts say the key question is whether voters will kick out Moon's dovish Democratic Party and usher in a new hawkish, fiscally conservative regime under opposition People Power Party's Yoon.

"What the country needs right now is change," 71-year-old Hong Sung-cheon told AFP at a polling station in southern Seoul. "We cannot go on like this."

However, younger swing voters are likely to prove decisive, analysts say, and their top concerns are skyrocketing house prices in the capital Seoul, domestic inequality and stubborn youth unemployment.

"Young voters are not loyal to any particular political party and thus can't be defined by liberal-conservative ideology," said Shin Yul, political science professor at Myongji University.

"Turnouts and choices by those in their 20s will have a significant bearing on the outcome," Shin added.

Both leading candidates have promised to build millions of new homes, although the left-leaning Lee relies more on public housing and conservative Yoon on market-led solutions to the crisis.

"I'm really worried about housing prices in Seoul and I hope the new president will focus on making people's lives easier and better," Park Ki-tae, 38, said.

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