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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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China's Guizhou generates 13 bln kWh new energy in first 3 quarters******

GUIYANG, Oct. 22 (Xinhua) -- Southwest China's Guizhou Province generated 13 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of new energy in the first three quarters of 2021, registering an increase of 6 percent year on year, according to the provincial branch of China Southern Power Grid.

As of Sept. 30, the installed new energy power generation capacity in the province had reached 15.69 million kW, accounting for 26 percent of the total, the company said.

Guizhou boasts distinctive geographic location and favorable climatic conditions, which helps enrich new energy resources, such as wind and solar power.

Chen Tianfen, a resident of Zima Township in the province's Qinglong County, said that working in a photovoltaic power station near her home has brought her income and happiness.

In 2019, a photovoltaic power station covering an area of 133 hectares was built on the barren hills of the township. Since then, Chen has been doing odd jobs at the power station.

"Since the job is flexible, I can choose to come when I have spare time," said Chen, adding that she has earned a total of over 40,000 yuan (about 6,256 U.S. dollars) by working at the power station.

Recently, she has been busy cleaning up weeds growing on the photovoltaic panels, earning 120 yuan per day.

"The power station rents land from local villagers and provides them with job opportunities. More importantly, it plays a role in energy conservation and emission reduction," said Yu Houshan, head of the photovoltaic power station in Zima Township, adding that the station can generate about 90 million kWh electricity every year. Enditem

Boeing 737 MAX negligence case ends with US$238m settlement******

AFP。

In this file photo taken on October 23, 2019, Boeing 737 MAX airplanes, along with one Boeing 787 at top, are parked at Grant County International Airport in Moses Lake, Washington.。

Boeing shareholders have reached a US$237.5 million out-of-court settlement with the US aircraft manufacturer's current and former directors in a 737 MAX aircraft safety negligence case, according to documents released on Friday.。

Shareholders had accused Boeing board members and several executives, as well as current CEO David Calhoun, of failing to ensure that control and information instruments on the 737 MAX were functioning effectively.。

Under the agreement, still to be validated by a judge, the US$237.5 million compensation will be paid out by insurers, not the board members and executives.。

Boeing has also agreed to hire a mediator to handle internal issues and appoint a board representative with aviation safety experience.。

The agreement does not require Boeing to admit to negligence on behalf of persons sued in the case.。

The 737 MAX was involved in two crashes – one operated by Lion Air in October 2018 and the other by Ethiopian Airlines in March 2019 – that killed a total of 346 people. Investigations revealed that both incidents were related to the crash prevention system (MCAS).。

Based on internal documents, shareholders said that proper safety procedures were not implemented on the 737 MAX after the 2018 crash, despite media reports linking the incident to the MCAS.。

Developed in 2011 and launched in 2017, the 737 MAX was banned from flying in March 2019, before being declared safe again in November 2020.。

In a statement released on Friday evening, Boeing said it "has taken significant actions to reinforce and strengthen our commitment to aviation safety" since the two crashes.。

"Today's proposed settlement builds on those actions with additional oversight and governance reforms that will further advance safety and quality in the work that we do," the company said.。

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Hertha Berlin edge Monchengladbach in Bundesliga******

BERLIN, Oct. 23 (Xinhua) -- Marco Richter's sole goal was enough for Hertha Berlin to secure its second straight win after beating Borussia Monchengladbach 1-0 in the 9th round of Bundesliga on Saturday.

The "Foals" left no doubt that they were in search of a win in the German capital as Nico Elvedi came close with a header in the fifth minute.

Monchengladbach then got a foul play penalty awarded but it was a short-lived joy as the referee overturned his decision after reviewing the situation in the 10th minute.

Hertha defended deep and showed no intentions to push forward while Breel Embolo should have marked the opener for the visitors, but the striker missed the target from inside the penalty area eight minutes later.

Monchengladbach was the more active team as Elvedi unleashed another dangerous header following a corner from Jonas Hofmann, but the goal was scored at the other end of the pitch as Richter made use of a deflected ball and clinically scored against the run of the game with a sideways scissor-kick in the 40th minute.

The hosts almost flabbergasted Monchengladbach with the 2-0 lead but Yann Sommer was equal to Marton Dardai's close-range header just before the break.

After the restart, Monchengladbach took the reins again, but Hertha's defence stood firm and kept the "Foals" at bay.

Hertha goalkeeper Alexander Schwolow had nothing to do as Monchengladbach's only clear-cut chance came in the 84th minute when substitute Patrick Herrmann rattled the side netting from tight angle.

With the result, Hertha Berlin jump on the 10th position while Borussia Monchengladbach slip to the 12th spot in the table.

"It is a really upsetting defeat. Hertha won this game after making use of just one chance. We dominated the proceedings and gave things away. I am not happy that we weren't able to grab a point here," said Monchengladbach head coach Adi Hutter.

"I think it is a deserved win for us. We should have added another goal to our lead in the second half, but overall, we defended very well and were patient," said Hertha head coach Pal Dardai.

The following encounters conclude the 9th round on Sunday: Cologne clash with Bayer Leverkusen, Stuttgart face Union Berlin, and newly promoted Bochum meet Eintracht Frankfurt. Enditem

陕西朱鹮种群数量从7只发展到5257只 数量占全球近7成******

  10月26日上午,陕西省人民政府新闻办公室举办新闻发布会,邀请陕西省林业局副局长、省林业科学院院长昝林森,陕西省林业科学院副院长雷颖虎,陕西汉中朱鹮国家级自然保护区管理局局长张亚祖出席,解读《朱鹮保护蓝皮书》。

  朱鹮种群快速衰退原因是什么?

  发布会上,昝林森介绍,朱鹮是秦岭生物多样性保护的重要物种、秦岭生态文化的重要标识。保护和美朱鹮是守护秦岭不可分割的一部分,对保护生态环境,促进可持续发展具有重要意义。回顾朱鹮保护四十年艰辛历程,在系统总结、深入研究、广泛讨论、反复论证的基础上,陕西省林业局组织专家编制形成《朱鹮保护蓝皮书》,涵盖朱鹮概况、朱鹮“灭绝”和重新发现、朱鹮保护研究、主要保护措施、朱鹮保护成效、朱鹮文化与对外交流和朱鹮保护展望七部分内容。

  朱鹮是起源于6000万年前第三纪始新世的古老物种,被誉为“东方宝石”,属鹈形目鹮科鸟类,是世界自然保护联盟物种红色名录濒危物种、国家I级重点保护野生动物。

  中国是朱鹮的重要分布地,从黑龙江到海南的20个省(自治区)均有分布,陕西全境适生,种群曾极为繁盛。进入二十世纪后,农业工业化的历史之轮,让古老的朱鹮遭遇空前的生存危机。1963年,朱鹮在俄罗斯灭绝;1964年之后在我国再无发现;1979年,在朝鲜半岛消失;1980年12月-1981年1月,日本佐渡的最后5只野生个体被捕捉人工饲养。直到1981年5月,在陕西洋县重新发现全球仅存的7只野生朱鹮,秦岭成为朱鹮最后的“庇护所”。研究认为,朱鹮种群快速衰退的因素主要有五个方面:一是环境污染。农药、化肥的大量使用,使朱鹮体内DDT生物富集导致其卵壳薄化,繁殖率降低。二是食物缺乏。土地利用结构变化导致朱鹮觅食地(水田)面积减少。三是过度采伐。朱鹮筑巢树、停歇树、夜宿树大量减少。四是气候因素。气候变暖和干旱造成大面积水田和湿地干涸。五是非法猎捕。历史上曾出现大肆捕猎朱鹮的现象。

  朱鹮保护成果有哪些?

  昝林森介绍,经过四十年保护恢复,朱鹮呈现种群兴旺态势。截至去年底,陕西朱鹮种群数量已从发现时的7只发展到5257只,占全国的79.45%,占全球的68.67%;野生种群栖息地全部在陕西,面积由发现时不足5平方公里扩大到1.6万平方公里;分布范围,已经由最初发现时的陕西洋县姚家沟逐步向东亚历史分布地恢复,浙江、四川、北京、上海、河北、广东和日本、韩国都已经重建种群,呈现出以秦岭为中心向四周扩散的趋势。中国科学院院士、鸟类学家郑光美赞誉说,“朱鹮保护是拯救濒危物种的成功典范”。朱鹮作为和平使者、友谊象征,曾经7次承担我国“外交”重任,“朱鹮文化展”亮相日本大阪G20峰会,朱鹮文化论坛登陆韩国首尔。

  朱鹮保护措施有哪些?

  在四十年的保护实践中,陕西探索形成了“就地保护为主、易地保护为辅、野化放归扩群、科技攻关支撑、政府社会协同、人鹮和谐共生”的朱鹮保护模式,为拯救濒危物种提供了可借鉴方案。其中,就地保护、易地保护、野化放归三大举措是朱鹮保护恢复的关键。就地保护是通过建立自然保护地、建立生态廊道、开展种群监测、实行社区共管共建等措施,保护恢复栖息地,实现了野生种群快速增长和扩散。目前,陕西秦岭森林覆盖率已达82%以上,湿地生态系统得到有效恢复;朱鹮野外种群已经突破4450只,全部在陕西。易地保护是通过朱鹮人工饲养繁育技术攻关创新和探索实践,形成饲养繁育技术体系,建立扩大人工种群,为野化放归提供种源支持。目前,陕西已建立朱鹮人工繁育种群基地5个,占全国的25%,占全球的22.73%;饲养个体467只,占全国的32.03%,占全球的23.49%。野化放归是通过人工干预将人工饲养繁殖个体重新引入其历史分布区,建立可自我维持的野生种群,是种群复壮的有效手段。目前,陕西建立野化放归种群4个,占全国的66.67%,占全球的50%;陕西放归个体192只,占全国的59.08%,占全球的23.91%;陕西增加了145只,占全国的38.06%,占全球的35.28%。

  经过四十年不断探索实践、改革创新,相继攻克极小种群保护、人工饲养繁育、疾(疫)病防控和野化放归等技术难题,形成了一套科学、规范、完整的技术理论体系,成为世界朱鹮保护研究的科学高地。有关研究成果,先后荣获国家科技进步二等奖1项,陕西省政府科学技术奖4项。制定国家行业标准3项,为朱鹮保护繁育树立了行业标准。创建国家、省级科研平台4个,《中国朱鹮》等专著受到广泛关注。

  下一步,将积极作为,不断发展和完善朱鹮保护模式,在实施秦岭北麓连续十年野化放归行动的同时,科学推进其他历史分布区野化放归,促进朱鹮种群持续扩大扩散,实现野生种群稳定、可持续繁衍,让朱鹮生生不息、自由翱翔。

  发布《朱鹮保护蓝皮书》原因是什么?

  选择在这时间节点发布《朱鹮保护蓝皮书》,系统总结朱鹮保护工作的成功经验和取得成果,既是展示陕西在落实《生物多样性公约》方面就单一物种保护所取得的成绩,也是为所有从事生物多样性保护的工作者鼓劲加油、提振信心。

  自1981年在陕西洋县重新发现朱鹮以来,陕西将朱鹮保护作为生态文明建设的重要内容,以拯救朱鹮,复壮其种群、恢复历史分布地为目标,以科学研究为支撑,不断突破保护瓶颈,最终将朱鹮从灭绝边缘拯救回来,被誉为“世界拯救濒危物种的成功典范”,为人类拯救濒危物种做出重要贡献,树立了榜样,提供了“中国智慧”“中国方案”。

  同时,希望通过发布蓝皮书,进一步呼吁全社会共同关注、参与濒危物种保护,充分发挥朱鹮这一生物多样性保护“旗舰物种”“伞护物种”的作用,带动促进陕西省乃至全国生态空间治理事业,助推经济社会发展绿色转型,为构建人与自然和谐共生的地球家园贡献力量。

  华商报记者 任婷



来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:报社方正

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