面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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Cultural China: The secret to Jingdezhen's pre******

NANCHANG, Oct. 21 (Xinhua) -- Jingdezhen, a small city in the mountains of east China's Jiangxi Province, has long been associated with the creation of quality ceramics.

Often called the "porcelain capital" for its important role in the domestic and international ceramic industry, Jingdezhen has been dedicated to the craft for over 1,800 years.

Due to its role as an official and royal kiln, it developed porcelain-making techniques that placed it in a league of its own.

Even today, a wide variety of porcelain products are still being exported to the world from Jingdezhen. Thousands of artists and lovers of ceramics visit here each year for a glimpse of the world's best china.

It currently boasts over 8,300 ceramic enterprises and more than 9,800 self-employed ceramic practitioners, while about 10 percent of its population is engaged in related businesses.

Here generations of ceramic artisans have enacted a profound interpretation of the spirit of craftsmanship: diligence, perfection, innovation. This is also the secret of the fine quality of the ceramics produced in Jingdezhen.

Just like the 72 transformations of Monkey King, a handful of clay cannot be transformed into a fine piece of Jingdezhen porcelain without going through a total of 72 procedures.

Experience and skill are essential. Hu Jiawang has a unique trick of "spitting." He judges the temperature in the kiln by the speed at which his spit evaporates from it, a method that is often more accurate than the thermometer.

And this is just the start. There are many more mysteries to be unpacked before one can fully understand the craft of the kiln.

"A piece of real art is created by the attitude of excellence, inner-peace, full-heartedness and precise skills," said Xiang Yuanhua, one inheritor of the imperial kiln techniques and methods.

Xiang's company, Jingdezhen Imperial Kiln Culture Development Co. Ltd., restores ancient styles of porcelain, some of which are displayed in the palace museums of Beijing and Taipei.

Among the 20,000 pieces produced by his company every year, only about 2,000 items make the grade. The fate of items that do not make the cut is brutal -- they are smashed and discarded, a long-preserved tradition in Jingdezhen.

Even with such high standards, Jingdezhen's collection of porcelain, preserved both above ground and underground, is second to none in the world.

"Jingdezhen's name didn't come from anyone but it is recognized by the world," said Xiang. "Jingdezhen porcelain has a strict standard and embodies the values of the Chinese people and Chinese aesthetics, and that has been passed down very well."

Potters in Jingdezhen never cease to innovate, while at the same time preserving traditions.

According to Yu Jihua, head of the Jingdezhen ceramic artists association, ceramic artists in Jingdezhen have always been very open-minded. "They're always willing to share their own experience and skills, which have been passed down over thousands of years, and accept new ideas."

There are some 30,000 non-local artists in Jingdezhen, of which about 5,000 are foreign artists. They are constantly injecting new blood and inspiration into the creation of Jingdezhen porcelain.

Su Hui, a recognized master of arts and crafts in Shaanxi Province, came to Jingdezhen two years ago for some new inspiration. "I've met many artists and friends over the past two years, and I feel that my creative ability has been greatly improved," he said.

"Jingdezhen is a city that is very tolerant of artistic creation, and porcelain making here is very mature in all respects. For young artists, they can start their dreams at a very low cost," added Su.

Among the foreign visitors is French artist Camille Kami. On her first visit to Jingdezhen, she marveled at this city "where an industry had been going on wholeheartedly for over a thousand years."

With such an illustrious history, such a wealth of talent and skills, and so much interest from new generations, the future of Jingdezhen seems secure. After thousands of years, the fire in the famous kiln is still burning bright. Enditem

西安志出版发行!共计783万字 纪录人物400余人******

本报讯 (小编 闫珅)12月10日,《西安市志(1991—2010)》出版交流会在市人民政府举办。商子雍、朱文杰、李令福等8位知名专家教授从差异视角对《西安市志(1991—2010)》开展评价,对这一部志书给与较高点评。出版交流会的举办,意味着本市第二轮修志工作中圆满完成。

全省第一轮《西安市志》编纂工作中于1989年8月全面启动,2006年12月编纂进行,是新中国建立至今西安市第一部综合型志书。本次出版的《西安市志(1991—2010)》是第一轮《西安市志》续修后的一部断代志。其编纂工作中自2008年12月全面启动,2018年11月根据地市级审核,2019年6月根据省部级审核,由160多家承编企业1000多名专职人员编修工作人员经历12年细心编纂进行,是全省文明建设的重大突破。二轮志书在传承传统式志书和第一轮市志出色传统式的与此同时,又对于新时期发展趋势规定做出了至关重要的自主创新,是一部了解西安的必看之作、发展趋势西安的咨政史鉴、科学研究西安的宝贵参考文献,对促进西安市文化艺术强市基本建设、承传和展示出西安地区文明行为具备积极意义。

该志分成《总类》《基础设施》《经济(上)》《经济(下)》《政治军事》《科教文卫(上)》《科教文卫(下)》《社会发展人物》8卷本,包括34分志、1总概、1大事件、1附则,总共783万字符,含有数据图表近3000幅,纪录人物400余名。全方位客观性实际地体现了世纪之交20年代,西安当然、经济发展、政冶、文化艺术、社会发展、绿色生态等领域发展趋势变化的整个过程,是一部集资料性、合理性、公信力于一体的关键地情参考文献。


来源于:西安生活报。

编缉:王莉文。

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国务院同意在宝鸡市等27个城市和地区设立跨境电子商务综合试验区******

  国务院关于同意在鄂尔多斯等27个城市和地区设立跨境电子商务综合试验区的批复

  国函〔2022〕8号

  内蒙古自治区、江苏省、浙江省、安徽省、江西省、山东省、湖北省、广东省、四川省、云南省、陕西省、新疆维吾尔自治区人民政府,商务部:

  你们关于设立跨境电子商务综合试验区的请示收悉。现批复如下:

  一、同意在鄂尔多斯市、扬州市、镇江市、泰州市、金华市、舟山市、马鞍山市、宣城市、景德镇市、上饶市、淄博市、日照市、襄阳市、韶关市、汕尾市、河源市、阳江市、清远市、潮州市、揭阳市、云浮市、南充市、眉山市、红河哈尼族彝族自治州、宝鸡市、喀什地区、阿拉山口市等27个城市和地区设立跨境电子商务综合试验区,名称分别为中国(城市或地区名)跨境电子商务综合试验区,具体实施方案由所在地省级人民政府分别负责印发。

  二、跨境电子商务综合试验区(以下简称综合试验区)建设要以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届历次全会精神,按照党中央、国务院决策部署,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,完整、准确、全面贯彻新发展理念,加快构建新发展格局,全面深化改革开放,坚持创新驱动发展,复制推广前五批综合试验区成熟经验做法,发挥跨境电子商务助力传统产业转型升级、促进产业数字化发展的积极作用,引导跨境电子商务健康持续创新发展,全力以赴稳住外贸外资基本盘,推进贸易高质量发展。同时,要保障国家安全、网络安全、数据安全、交易安全、国门生物安全、进出口商品质量安全和有效防范交易风险,保护个人信息权益,坚持在发展中规范、在规范中发展,为各类市场主体公平参与市场竞争创造良好的营商环境。

  三、有关省(自治区)人民政府要切实加强对综合试验区建设的组织领导,健全机制、明确分工、落实责任,有力有序有效推进综合试验区建设发展。要按照试点要求,尽快完善具体实施方案并抓好组织实施。要进一步细化先行先试任务,突出重点,创新驱动,充分发挥市场配置资源的决定性作用,更好发挥政府作用,有效引导社会资源,合理配置公共资源,扎实推进综合试验区建设。要建立健全跨境电子商务信息化管理机制,根据有关部门的管理需要,及时提供相关电子信息。要定期向商务部等部门报送工作计划、试点经验和成效,努力在健全促进跨境电子商务发展的体制机制、推动配套支撑体系建设等方面取得新进展、新突破。各综合试验区建设涉及的重要政策和重大建设项目要按规定程序报批。

  四、国务院有关部门要按照职能分工,加强对综合试验区的协调指导和政策支持,切实发挥综合试验区示范引领作用。按照鼓励创新原则,坚持问题导向,加强协调配合,着力在跨境电子商务企业对企业(B2B)方式相关环节的技术标准、业务流程、监管模式和信息化建设等方面探索创新,研究出台更多支持举措,为综合试验区发展营造良好的环境,更好地促进和规范跨境电子商务产业发展壮大。要进一步完善跨境电子商务统计体系,实行对综合试验区内跨境电子商务零售出口货物按规定免征增值税和消费税等支持政策,企业可以选择企业所得税核定征收,对经所在地海关确认符合监管要求的综合试验区所在城市(地区)自动适用跨境电子商务零售进口试点政策,支持企业共建共享海外仓。商务部要牵头做好统筹协调、跟踪分析和指导服务,建立健全评估和退出机制,定期开展评估,促进优胜劣汰,会同有关部门及时总结推广试点经验,重大问题和情况及时报告国务院。

  国务院

  2022年1月22日

  



来源:中国政府网

编辑:田媛

China's benchmark interbank gold prices lower Wednesday******

BEIJING, Dec. 8 (Xinhua) -- China's benchmark prices for spot interbank gold transactions were lower Wednesday, according to the China Foreign Exchange Trade System.。

The benchmark price for gold of 99.95 percent pure or above stood at 366.7 yuan (about 57.59 U.S. dollars) per gram, down 0.78 yuan from the previous trading day, and that for gold of 99.99 percent pure or above went down 0.52 yuan to 367.47 yuan per gram.。

Spot transaction prices on the interbank price inquiry market are allowed to rise or fall within 15 percent from the benchmark prices each trading day.。

The interbank gold price inquiry business was introduced in 2012 to enhance market liquidity and enrich trading models. Enditem。

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